ACID- Acid spills are hazardous due to their corrosive effects to eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Prolonged exposure can cause life threatening injury. When acids combine with other chemicals the reaction products can be highly toxic.
ALKALI- Caustic ( Alkali ) Spills are mostly corrosive to organic tissues and can result in severe skin and eye irritation or burns from direct contact. Caustic vapours may be corrosive to the respiratory system. When caustics combine with other chemicals the reaction products can be highly toxic.
SOLVENT- Most organic solvents are either flammable or toxic or both. When a solvent is spilled it is critical to minimise vapours immediately by treating with a highly reactive absorbent to minimise the release of vapours.
FORMALDEHYDE- Exposure to formaldehyde is hazourdous causing breathing difficulties and irritation to eyes, nose and throat. In addition, the vapours and liquid are readily absorbed through the skin.
MERCURY- Mercury is commonplace in many industries and even households. Small amounts can pose a potential health risk. It is dangerous to humans and aminals alike. Exposure can occur by breathing vapours, by direct skin exposure, or by indigestion.